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One of your primary goals as a writer is to present ideas in a clear and understandable way.To help readers move through your complex ideas, you want to be intentional about how you structure your paper as a whole as well as how you form the individual paragraphs that comprise it.When you quote a text, you assume the responsibility to discuss particular details like its tone, syntax, and diction.
And how to integrate that textual evidence smoothly into your analysis, and when to paraphrase it.
Finally, you learn why plagiarizing sources in your essay is the equivalent of claiming that you and your friends recorded Rihanna songs in your garage. Use them to support your claims and to return the reader back to the text at hand, especially in the midst of long analytical sections.
All of these words and phrases have different meanings, nuances, and connotations, so before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you understand its meaning and usage completely, and be sure that it’s the right match for your paper’s logic.
Use these transitional words and phrases sparingly because if you use too many of them, your readers might feel like you are overexplaining connections that are already clear.
In order to think through the challenges of presenting your ideas articulately, logically, and in ways that seem natural to your readers, check out some of these resources: Developing a Thesis Statement, Paragraphing, and Developing Strategic Transitions: Writing that Establishes Relationships and Connections Between Ideas.
While clear writing is mostly achieved through the deliberate sequencing of your ideas across your entire paper, you can guide readers through the connections you’re making by using transitional words in individual sentences.Critical thinking delves beneath the surface of things, turning them into objects for study, interpretation, and judgement.The aim of critical writing is to express these thoughts.Quotations show that you have done a careful reading and that your analysis can be phrased in the text’s own terms and language.Try at all times to quotations into your own prose.There are videos on avoiding common grammatical mistakes, on turning ideas into arguments, and on quoting and citing other writing in your writing. Malaprop commits this error all the time: “she’s as headstrong as an allegory [alligator] on the banks of Nile,” for instance. My You Tube video, “Look Smart: Avoid Bad Grammar,” addresses the Top Ten most common grammatical errors: commas, semicolons, apostrophes, homonyms, inconsistent verbs, passive-voice verbs, vague pronouns, misplaced modifiers, dangling modifiers, and parallelism. Don’t introduce a sentence by saying ‘In Act III Scene 7, Enobarbus tells Cleopatra…”; rather, quote the character and then close the sentence with the citation (III.7.35).“Michelangelo painted the Sixteenth [Sistene] Chapel” is another example. Fowler also wrote (1906), which begins with this advice: “Any one who wishes to become a good writer should endeavour, before he allows himself to be tempted by the more showy qualities, to be direct, simple, brief, vigorous, and lucid.” And this is Fowler’s advice on diction (word choice): “Prefer the familiar word to the far-fetched. Remember that the citation always goes at the end of your sentence, even if the quotation ends in the middle.Integrating quotations begins with ensuring that if we removed the quotation-marks from your sentence, it would still be grammatically correct (more or less) and would still make sense.It’s jarring for a reader to switch syntactical gears mid-sentence: ease the transition. If your transcription is wrong, can your interpretation be any more trustworthy? Remember when you quote a text, at any length, to JUSTIFY its presence in your argument. The answer comes from your analysis, which interprets the quotation’s meaning and clarifies its purpose in the essay.Lepidus has a more indulgent view: I must not think there are Evils enough to darken all his goodness.His faults in him seem as the spots of heaven, More fiery by night’s blackness”¦ (1.4.10-13) Lepidus has a more indulgent view, “I must not think there are / Evils enough to darken all his goodness.