In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way.Next the author should explain why the topic is important (exigence) or why readers should care about the issue.
Lastly, students should present the thesis statement.
It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the guidelines set forth in the assignment.
Before writing an argumentative essay, it might be a good idea to review the section on Coherence: Transitions Between Ideas.
(Later, we will see transitional devices at work in a sample argumentative essay.) In this section of Principles of Composition we will explore some of the techniques of argument that might come into play in argumentative essays.
The argumentative essay is commonly assigned as a capstone or final project in first year writing or advanced composition courses and involves lengthy, detailed research.
Expository essays involve less research and are shorter in length.: Some confusion may occur between the argumentative essay and the expository essay.These two genres are similar, but the argumentative essay differs from the expository essay in the amount of pre-writing (invention) and research involved.Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments.Detailed research allows the student to learn about the topic and to understand different points of view regarding the topic so that she/he may choose a position and support it with the evidence collected during research.The argumentative essay has to take into consideration the fact that the writer is the only one who has permission to speak; he or she holds the floor, the gavel, and the microphone all at once.What counts in an argumentative essay, then, is the writer's ability to create a sense of interior debate, of allowing other voices their say, and maintaining equilibrium among those voices. One stylistic point: it is probably more true of the argumentative essay than it is of the other kinds of essays that we must be very careful of transitions, the devices we use to move from one point to another, to hold ideas together for comparison's sake, to create and organize landmarks along the path of our thinking.Without logical progression of thought, the reader is unable to follow the essay’s argument, and the structure will collapse.Transitions should wrap up the idea from the previous section and introduce the idea that is to follow in the next section.Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea.This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the essay.