Naturally, those deemed as "evil" are those people who belong to the upper class, who are considered characteristically cruel, strange, and dangerous.Nietzsche, believed that Christianity, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, democracy and the subsequent equal coexistence in power and strength of humans was leading to society's decay and the rampant unnatural acceptance of slave morality.Those deemed as "bad" by the "great men" are those who belong to the lower class, who are characteristically common and mediocre in the eyes of the ruling class.
It is so called because it is the lower class that created this morality system.
This system considered kindness, pity, compassion, and peace as the "good." Instead of being a product of affirmation, however, the distinction between "good" and "evil" is made out of a sense of revenge against the strength of the upper class.
Concludingly, he asserts that morals are based primarily on fear, with them creating a safe space where aggressive or lively individuals will be seen as a threat, due to morality preferring the tame and safe over the lively and aggressive.
This morality believes itself to be the one true morality (similar to God in Christianity).
Part 5: Natural History of Morals He starts by claiming that morality is not objective, and no philosopher has ever succeeded in defining it beyond what applies to their time, village, country, church etc.
Furthermore, he states that we see much less than we believe, taking in only a larger generalisation of things and using prior-knowledge and bias to fill in the rest (comparing this to seeing a tree).
Juxtaposed to skepticism he associates with a "Frederick the Great", this type being strong-willed, intrepid, never resting content with easy answers but always questioning, seeking, and discovering.
Philosophers, he claims, are legislators and creators.
Nietzsche also believes that all things in the world are based on, and come from our fundamental will to power.
Lastly Nietzsche makes the ironic statement of how "free spirits" often need masks to hide their true nature and beliefs (as to not be misunderstood).