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If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation.
If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting.
Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient (but remember that you still have to cite them! If you think it’s important to quote something, an excellent rule of thumb is that for every line you quote, you should have at least two lines analyzing it.
Keep only the material that is strictly relevant to your own ideas.
So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence.
Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech. (2002) conducted their training with students preparing to be social workers, but note that other professionals who work with non-native speakers could benefit from a similar program. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text.
Citation Essay Quote
Retrieved from references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences.Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. Retrieved from page with no date: In-text citation Establishing regular routines, such as exercise, can help survivors of disasters recover from trauma (American Psychological Association [APA], n.d.). In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Author's name in parentheses: One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass & Varonis, 1984).For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Training strategies for improving listeners' comprehension of foreign-accented speech (Doctoral dissertation). Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Retrieved from Web page with no author: In-text citation The term Nittany Lion was coined by Penn State football player Joe Mason in 1904 ("All things Nittany," 2006). Reference entry American Psychological Association. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis (1984) found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor.First, you have to think about how you want to identify your sources.For example, If you have already introduced the author and work from which you are citing, and you are obviously referring to the same work, you probably don't need to mention them again.However, if you have cited other sources and then go back to one you had cited earlier, it is a good idea to mention at least the author's name again (and the work if you have referred to more than one by this author) to avoid confusion.APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation (for long titles just use the first few words). Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Group as author: First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2015) Subsequent citation: (APA, 2015) Multiple works: (separate each work with semi-colons) Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (Gass & Varonis, 1984; Krech Thomas, 2004).For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23(4), 245-259. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. Web page with author: In-text citation Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying (Kraiser, 2011). Direct quote: (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote) One study found that “the listener's familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1984, p. Gass and Varonis (1984) found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (p. Note: For direct quotations of more than 40 words, display the quote as an indented block of text without quotation marks and include the authors’ names, year, and page number in parentheses at the end of the quote.There are also different forms of citation for different disciplines.For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class.