The desire of some genetic engineers to gain control over the innermost workings of animals fueled the further development of cloning technology.
It is out of this context that some people are now attempting to justify human cloning.
However, with the successful cloning of the sheep "Dolly" in 1997, it became evident that sooner or later, scientists might be able to clone human beings, too.
This possibility has incited both support and opposition.
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Until recently, discussions about human cloning were conducted within the realm of science fiction and fantasy.
It is questionable what benefits would be gained from the successful creation of a cloned human being, if any, and whether they would justify the radical impact cloning would have on our society.
Cloning is not just another reproductive technology that should be made available to those who choose to use it, but is an unnecessary and dangerous departure from evolutionary processes and social practices that have developed over millions of years.
Somatic cell nuclear transfer is the cloning technique that was used by the Scottish scientists to produce Dolly.
It involves the removal of DNA from an egg-cell and fusion of that enucleated egg with a differentiated cell from an already existing organism, like a skin cell, or in the case of Dolly, a mammary cell from a sheep which had been dead for six years.