Critical Thinking Skills Nursing Process

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It involves reasoning and purposeful, systematic, reflective, rational, outcome-directed thinking based on a body of knowledge, as well as examination and analysis of all available information and ideas.

Critical thinking leads to the formulation of conclusions and the most appropriate, often creative, decisions, options, or alternatives.

In today’s health care arena, the nurse is faced with increasingly complex issues and situations resulting from advanced technology, greater acuity of patients in hospital and community settings, an aging population, and complex disease processes, as well as ethical and cultural factors.

Traditionally, nurses have used a problem-solving approach in planning and providing nursing care.

The critical thinker is an inquisitive, fair-minded truth seeker with an open-mindedness to the alternative solutions that might surface. The skills involved in critical thinking are developed over time through effort, practice, and experience.

Skills needed in critical thinking include interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation.Critical thinking and critical thinkers have distinctive characteristics.As indicated in the above definition, critical thinking is a conscious, outcome-oriented activity; it is purposeful and intentional.Although the questions will vary according to the particular clinical situation, certain general inquiries can serve as a basis for reaching conclusions and determining a course of action.We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.Nurses must use critical thinking skills in all practice settings—acute care, ambulatory care, extended care, and in the home and community.Regardless of the setting, each patient situation is viewed as unique and dynamic.Critical thinking in nursing practice results in a comprehensive patient plan of care with maximized potential for success.Using critical thinking to develop a plan of nursing care requires considering the human factors that might influence the plan.The unique factors that the patient and nurse bring to the health care situation are considered, studied, analyzed, and interpreted.Interpretation of the information presented then allows the nurse to focus on those factors that are most relevant and mostsignificant to the clinical situation.


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