However, it is important to balance the potential positive and negative effects of a course of treatment.Relativism in ethical judgements is common in nursing practice, where there may be pros and cons associated with an action.A number of core ethical principles are recognised in the healthcare setting.
However, it is important to balance the potential positive and negative effects of a course of treatment.Relativism in ethical judgements is common in nursing practice, where there may be pros and cons associated with an action.
Examples of non-maleficence include stopping a medication that is causing harmful side effects, or discontinuing a treatment strategy that is not effective and may be harmful.
Beneficence means 'do good', and promotes actions that benefit the patient.
Nurses should support patients during their healing and recovery.
This applies to all care processes, including administering medication and providing patients with information and education.
Beneficence can be frequently seen in practice, and includes the use of vaccines, providing patients with health advice and counselling, and providing emergency care.
Autonomy states that patients should be able to act independently and should be in control of their fate.
Examples include the use of warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation- warfarin helps prevent blood clots and stroke, but is associated with many complications and a risk of bleeding.
Balancing the risks and benefits of a treatment course and implementing suitable precautionary measures are vital to ensure the ethical treatment of patients.
Ethical systems of care rely on a general agreement whereby specific activities are considered to be beneficial or detrimental to patient wellbeing.
Ethical theories provide a framework for interactions with clients or service users.