Edith Wharton A Collection Of Critical Essays

Edith Wharton A Collection Of Critical Essays-30
Indeed, there is much to suggest that the enforced brevity of the genre and the confining nature of magazine publication (the format in which almost every short story of this era appeared [Chan xix]) prompted Wharton to produce her most impressionistic and, to use her own 1925 term, “renovat[ive]” (109) narratives.Rather than stories in the nineteenth-century tradition of the novel in miniature, Wharton’s short fiction is more akin to those of the following century in her use of unreliable narration, gaps, epiphany and, above all, in her expectation of an active reader.

Indeed, there is much to suggest that the enforced brevity of the genre and the confining nature of magazine publication (the format in which almost every short story of this era appeared [Chan xix]) prompted Wharton to produce her most impressionistic and, to use her own 1925 term, “renovat[ive]” (109) narratives.Rather than stories in the nineteenth-century tradition of the novel in miniature, Wharton’s short fiction is more akin to those of the following century in her use of unreliable narration, gaps, epiphany and, above all, in her expectation of an active reader.Indeed in “Writing a War Story” (1919) she satirizes Pound’s injunction to “make it new” by presenting her readers with a fictional editor not unlike Pound himself, who at the time was the editor of , a magazine which under his leadership took on the motto “Making No Compromise with the Public Taste.” Wharton makes “diabolical fun [of the] posturings . Yet Wharton herself was not immune to using her own rules of punctuation in her narratives; the and in his 1948 article “The Psychology of Punctuation,” Thorndike singles out Wharton as an example of the modern “mania” for ellipsis points, ascribing her excessive usage to a “fondness for novelty” (223, 225).

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Thus, whilst I refer to Wharton’s critical writing in the following discussion of four of her stories, this article will follow Lawrence’s advice to foremost ‘trust the tale’ rather than the artist (31). Indeed, James’s narrators often present a further viewpoint in addition to that of a focalizer’s experience or vision, endowing his impressionistic accounts with an element of nineteenth-century omniscient narrative traditions.

Whilst not completely reliable themselves, James’s narrators often signal the potential unreliability of a focalizer’s perspective and nudge the reader towards considering the wider view of the events narrated.

(Tuttleton Wharton’s interest in imperfect, incomplete vision is evident not only in her poetics but also the content of her stories. Manstey’s View” (1891), “The Lamp of Psyche” (1895), “A Glimpse” (1932) and “The Eyes” (1910) demonstrate the importance she gives to the onlooker.

Many of her narratives rest upon a misreading of a situation or even object, including a misread picture in “The House of the Dead Hand” (1904), a misread book in “The Descent of Man” (1904) and a misread diagnosis in her 1930 story of the same name.

Dans sa première nouvelle, “The Pelican” (1899), la présence d’un narrateur peu fiable, l’absence de clôture et le refus de formuler clairement la position de l’auteur annoncent la conception de Joyce d’un artiste invisible, présent à l’intérieur, derrière ou au-delà de son œuvre.

L’épiphanie que l’on retrouve dans “The Reckoning” est une caractéristique aujourd’hui étroitement associée à l’écriture des modernistes, de même que l’emploi du monologue intérieur dans cette même nouvelle et dans “Joy in the House” (1932).

The implicit link between the pelican of the title and Mrs.

Amyot suggests that the “actual suffering” (79) she claims she must go through by speaking in public for the sake of the baby, is a fallacy rather like medieval notions of the bird’s self-sacrifice.

The title itself bears an indirect, symbolic relation to the story, which the reader is left to deduce alone, rather like the titles of her other three stories “The Lamp of Psyche” (1895), “After Holbein” (1928) and “Pomegranate Seed” (1931), the last prompting letters from readers who were not able to make the implicitly signalled link.2 The pelican is traditionally represented as a selfless creature, frequently depicted piercing her breast with her beak so that her offspring can eat her own flesh and blood when food is scarce.

In medieval times artists often placed the bird with its nest on top of the cross; Thomas Aquinas (who is mentioned later in the story) uses the pelican in his hymn .3 In fact, the bird beats its bill against its chest to get macerated food out for its young, which, against its white feathers, creates the startling illusion it is harming itself.

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  • The House of Mirth
    Reply

    Dwight, Eleanor, Edith Wharton, An Extraordinary Life, Harry N. Abrams, 1994. This work is an overview of the life and times of Wharton. It includes personal correspondence and photographs. Bloom, Harold, ed. Edith Wharton, Chelsea House, 1986. Bloom offers a collection of critical essays on the works of Wharton.…

  • Make It Short Edith Wharton’s Modernist Practices in Her.
    Reply

    Critical dissonance over Edith Wharton’s modernist practices has intensified over the last decade, and although few view her nowadays as the “literary aristocrat” Parrington had firmly ensconced in the nineteenth century 153, Wharton’s relationship with modernism and modernist writing continues to be an increasingly fertile area of scholarship.…

  • Roman Fever Introduction & Overview -
    Reply

    Roman Fever" is among Edith Wharton's last writings and caps off her noteworthy career. "Roman Fever" was first published in Liberty magazine in 1934, and it was included in Wharton's final collection of short stories, The World Over, in 1936.…

  • Edith Wharton Society EWS Awards for 2018-2019
    Reply

    Edith Wharton Society EWS Awards for 2018-2019 Elsa Nettels Prize for a Beginning Scholar This award, formerly known as the “Edith Wharton Society Prize for a Beginning Scholar” and established in the fall of 2005, recognizes the best unpublished essay on Edith Wharton by a beginning scholar, advanced graduate students, independent scholars, and faculty members…

  • Project MUSE - Wharton and Cather
    Reply

    Laura Rattray’s engaging collection Edith Wharton in Context Cambridge is a valuable resource for scholars, teachers, and general readers. Positioning Wharton in a time of tremendous social change, the contributed short essays, organized into seven sections, address biography, critical reception, publishing history, arts, design, historical.…

  • Edith Newbold Jones Wharton
    Reply

    Edith Wharton Edith Wharton 1861-1937, American author, chronicled the life of affluent Americans between the Civil War 1 and World War I 2. Edith Wharton was born Edith Newbold Jones in New York 3 City, probably on Jan. 24, 1861.…

  • Edith Wharton A Bibliography - journals.
    Reply

    A rapid perusal of the following critical bibliography reveals the paucity of work examining Edith Wharton’s art of the short story as a whole. Most of the articles listed below focus on one or two stories. Barbara White’s Edith Wharton A Study of the Short Fiction, published in 1991, is still the only book-length study devoted to the subject.…

  • Edith Wharton Bibliography -
    Reply

    Edith Wharton's Dialogue With Realism and Sentimental Fiction. University Press of Florida. 2000. 224pp. David Holbrook. Edith Wharton and the Unsatisfactory Man. St. Martin's Press. 1991. 208pp. Irving Howe editor. Edith Wharton A Collection of Critical Essays. Prentice-Hall. 1962. 181pp. Josephine Lurie Jessup.…

  • Another Sleeping Beauty Narcissism in The House of Mirth.
    Reply

    This is the text of Wharton's novel used here. All page numbers, indicated in parentheses after quotations from The House of Mirth, are to this edition. 4Wharton, The House of Mirth New York New American Library, 1964, Afterword, 343. 5Irving Howe, ed. Edith Wharton A Collection of Critical Essays Englewood Cliffs, N. J.…

  • Edith Wharton Biography - THE AGE OF INNOCENCE
    Reply

    Later, Edith attended the awarding of TR’s honorary degree from Williams College; he dined at the Wharton’s home on Long Island, Sagamore Hill, and he makes a fictional appearance in The Age of Innocence. During these years, Edith wrote her first novel, The Valley of Decision.…

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