Ordinarily, it implies the process of becoming a whole along with the maintenance of cultural distinctiveness.
According to Myron Weiner, national integration implies: (a) A process of bringing together culturally and socially discreet groups into a single territorial unit and establishment of a national identity.
But in some countries majority groups may able to impose their culture over the minority groups to bring national integration.
National integration as a comprehensive affair has several dimensions like political, social, economic, cultural, ethical and psychological dimensions. Political integration implies a strong territorial unity and the establishment of a national or central authority over all regions. Since the poverty stricken and down trodden people cannot understand the significance of national integration, united efforts should be made against poverty, hunger and unemployment. On social front, national integration requires the availability of social justice.
But Indian culture and customs have united the Indians. It means that every Indian, irrespective of caste, creed, language or religion, belongs to India. National integration is very important for the all-round development of the country. It is because our Constitution was so designed as to give equal rights to people of every religion, sect, area, sex and culture.
These have promoted a feeling of oneness and common citizenship. It means a well-knit society in which all are loyal to their country. The people of India enjoy freedom of thought and expression and show reverence for every faith.
The first National Integration Council of India in 1961, while declaring its objectives has expressed the scope of National Integration as a psychological and educational process involving the development of a feeling of unity, solidarity and cohesion in the hearts of the people and also a sense of common citizenship and a feeling of loyalty to the Nation.
National integration implies two strategies-creating a sense of territorial nationality along with a national culture which overshadows or eliminates subordinate parochial loyalties.
They have put emphasis on “Unity and Integrity of the Nation” and highlighted this principle in the preamble of the constitution.
But India has been victimized of communal violence, intra-regional conflict, religious fanaticism, militant organisations and linguistic hysteria.