The graduate literature review module is particularly useful if you are writing a literature review that forms part of a research project, including an Honours, Master by Research or Ph D project.
This tutorial will cover: The purpose of a stand-alone literature review is to provide a summary, synthesis and critical evaluation of the literature relevant to your specific research question or aim.
It should bring out ideas/hypotheses that can explain any discrepancies and provide solutions to existing problems.
On the other hand, systematic reviews follow a well-planned methodology to qualitatively or quantitatively analyze a defined number of studies.
Literature reviews can be stand-alone documents, or they can form part of a research proposal or project.
A stand-alone literature review aims to summarise and evaluate the current knowledge of a specific topic, whereas a literature review that forms part of a research proposal or project also describes the gaps in the current knowledge that the project aims to address.
Every research report/ thesis/research article begins with an introduction to the topic of research. The main purpose of the review is to introduce the readers to the need for conducting the said research.
A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, etc.
For example: Only a few epidemiologic investigations have assessed the intake of chocolate products as part of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) (Arts et al., 2002; di Giuseppe et al., 2008), whereas other studies have simply asked about chocolate intake as part of a lifestyle questionnaire (Lee & Paffenbarger, 1998; Paganini-Hill, Kawas, & Corrada, 2007).
Monash students can access Research and Learning drop-in sessions at the Library.