Passive Voice Research Papers

Passive Voice Research Papers-81
Imagine you are explaining your research to a friend.You might say “I tested this factor” or “We examined that effect”.Most college papers will require you to use the active voice.

Imagine you are explaining your research to a friend.You might say “I tested this factor” or “We examined that effect”.Most college papers will require you to use the active voice.

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The active voice is a grammatical construction that you would use when the subject does the action designated by the verb.

In this voice the agent or performer of the action is emphasized. The proper use of passive or active voice can vary within a paper.

In this sentence, the subject becomes the patient, but the patient is passive, meaning he isn’t doing anything. Typically, these formatting styles are specific to certain disciplines.

When you are writing a college paper, it is always best that you use the active voice because you obviously cannot be vague about a source or write as though some facet of your research is irrelevant. For example, you will use the APA format for scientific and social scientific courses, including nursing.

Consider the following example, which, initially, does not contain the first person: A random effects meta-regression showed that [the] proportion of women in the sample was not significantly related to gender difference effect size. 2014; 140: 165) Apart from the technical language, the content is clear enough.

Passive Voice Research Papers Using A Counter Argument In An Argument Or Persuasive Essay

Now introduce the first person by adding “We”, thus: We showed in a random effects meta-regression that the proportion of women in the sample was not significantly related to gender difference effect size.Although the content is preserved, the focus of the sentence shifts from what is important to the reader, the random effects meta-regression, to what is unimportant, the role of the authors. In his essay , the great expositor and mathematician Paul Halmos described the use of “I” as sometimes having “a repellent effect, as arrogance or ex-cathedra preaching”.When it appears in the present rather than past tense, the preachiness of the first person becomes more pointed still, as in this example: I derive and compare two new estimators that help correct this small-sample bias. The emphasis is on the author’s action: “I derive and compare”. In the following rephrasing, the emphasis is on what is important, the new estimators: Two new estimators are derived and compared that help correct this small-sample bias.And, not to be discounted, using the first person in a string of statements “I compared”, “I tested”, “we found” does make writing easier, even automatic., the journalist and teacher William Zinsser points out that newspapers do not want “I” in their news stories, and magazines do not want it in their articles.The use of “we” is also apposite in referring to the research community (“How can we explain? What of the rationale that the first person avoids top-heavy passive constructions?The example at the beginning of this article can indeed be rescued by introducing “We” and moving the verb from the end to the beginning, thus: We examine the influence of residual chloride ions on the catalytic activity, the kinetic aspects of the oxidation of methane over these catalysts, the nature of the active sites, the influence of metal particle size and reaction products on the activity, the observed changes in catalytic activity with reaction time and the effect of sulphur containing compounds. Since the material in the sentence is essentially a list, that fact can be exploited in a rephrasing that avoids “We” and better prepares the reader for what comes next: Several effects were examined: the influence of residual chloride ions on the catalytic activity, the kinetic aspects of the oxidation of methane over these catalysts, the nature of the active sites, the influence of metal particle size and reaction products on the activity, the observed changes in catalytic activity with reaction time, and the effect of sulphur containing compounds.Why, then, do authors avoid “I” and “we” and routinely embrace the passive voice? Authoritative style guides such as Day and Sakaduski’s argue that introducing the first person removes uncertainty about the agent of the action; it reminds the reader of a human presence, the person with whom the knowledge should be associated; and, practically, it avoids having to manage complicated passive sentences.The journal is explicit, insisting that short reports should contain a one-sentence statement starting “Here we show” or an equivalent phrase.You cannot write your paper as though you have no idea whether your data is true or false and you want to be vigorous and clear about your conclusions. You can take extra time and edit your paper to the formatting guidelines and hope you don’t miss any errors or you can use formatting software that will guarantee you adhere to the latest standard with just a couple of clicks.Changing any passive voice sentences to active voice will tighten your writing. The cave drawings were made around 10,000 years ago. Wouldn’t you rather spend your time focusing on the quality of your content than on proper formatting?

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