I started to observe, in my undergraduate studies and in my early professional career, the destructive nature of mass tourism — its negative impacts on local environments and local cultures.
As a land use planner, I was interested in how we could design these types of tourism establishments so that they are in harmony with nature, rather than in conflict with flood plains or other ecosystems.
These villages are located in the floodplain of Lower Kinabatangan River.
This area is an extremely important site for ecotourism in Sabah and/or Malaysia: especially through ecotourists activities such as river boating, jungle trekking and wildlife viewing.
At Cairo University I gained my first exposure to landscape planning and design, and design for tourism facilities in particular.
My Masters work built on that, focusing on design that connected cities, culminating in an urban tourism revitalization project in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador.
iv | P age ABSTRACT Although the tourism industry holds much economic promise for developing countries, its positive outcomes come with some unfortunate side effects to the local and ecological inhabitants of the community.
It is because of the hardship that tourism brings to native people and their culture that environmentalists emphasize the importance of ecotourism; tourism revolved around a location s natural and pollution free environment.
newline The results revealed that there is a positive relationship between ecotourism and environmental conservation with regard to the perception of tourists and conservation agencies.
Also it was found that there is no significant difference between the perception of tourists and conservation agencies with regard to the positive relationship between ecotourism and environmental conservation.