Author/s – Include the author/s name/s where possible.You should write the surname (last name) first followed by any initials.Example: Skills You Need or What Are Interpersonal Skills.Tags: Best Learning Experience EssayParts Of Thesis WritingsProblem Solving Skills GamesSolving Quadratic Equations By Factoring Word ProblemsNursing Ethical Issue EssaysNo Homework Schools
This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. NOTE: When you list the pages of the chapter or essay in parentheses after the book title, use "pp." before the numbers: (pp. This abbreviation, however, does not appear before the page numbers in periodical references, except for newspapers. However, it is a common misconception that foregrounding the research requires using the passive voice ("Experiments have been conducted ..."). APA Style encourages using the active voice ("We conducted an experiment ..."). Clarity and conciseness in writing are important when conveying research in APA Style.
Your essay should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5 X 11 inches) with margins of 1 inch on all sides. The active voice is particularly important in experimental reports, where the subject performing the action should be clearly identified (e.g. You don't want to misrepresent the details of a study or confuse your readers with wordiness or unnecessarily complex sentences.
For webpages look for the when the page was last updated.
Include dates in brackets (2012) after author information. Title of Piece - Include the title of the piece; this could be the name of the book, the title of a journal article or webpage. For books you should also include the edition (if not the first) to make finding information easier.
Since a You Tube video does not have an author in the conventional sense, you can instead cite the title and the year it was uploaded: The presence of the word ‘male’ in ‘female’ is actually a coincidence ( (2016, ), ‘there’s no “male” in “female”’.
For example, the citation above shows that the quote is taken from ten seconds into the video.
For information on how to reference this website not for academic purposes see the Skills You Need referencing guide.
Citing and referencing information can be daunting for students who do not understand the principles. Different institutions, departments or lecturers may require different styles – check with your lecturer if you are unsure.
If there are more than three authors then you can cite the first author and use the abbreviation 'et al', meaning 'and all'.
Examples: For one, two or three authors: Jones A, Davies B, Jenkins C For more than three authors Jones A et al.