Regionalism in India is deeply rooted in its manifold diversity of languages, cultures, tribes, religions, communities, etc.
It originates from the feeling of regional concentration, which is often fuelled by a sense of regional deprivation.
Again, the demand for Bodoland, Vidarbha, Telangana, Gorkhaland, etc.
cannot be traced in the earnest desire of the people to have their regional identity, which results from regional imbalances.
Since the roots of regionalism lie in linguistic, ethnic, economic and cultural identities of the people living in specific geographical area, political scholars have treated various forms of regionalism which include economic regionalism, linguistic regionalism, political regionalism and even sub-regional movements in the general frame of regionalism.
Richard Rodriguez Essays - Regionalism Essay
In other words, it is the manifestation of those neglected socio-political elements which fail to find expression in the mainstream polity and culture.In Europe the tribal organization, though in many ways weak, was dominant.It might be West Saxon, Lombardic or Visigothic; it might be mobile or fixed.Some of these provinces had their day and disappeared.Others have persisted as ethnic, cultural, or economic entities down to the present time.In fact, it is the natural desire of the people in a region or territory to make rapid social and economic development so that they may live happily.But in course of time when some part of the region makes rapid development, and other remains neglected, then the feelings of anger and frustration creep into the mind of the people which find expression in demand for a separate homeland. When we look backwards into the time before there was a state we experience a sense of satisfaction with the political community of which we are part.The ancient Egyptian and Roman, the citizen of the Catholic mediæval world, probably felt much the same way.Some of our contemporaries, scanning the horizon, see signs of disaster to the state as it is now constituted mainly in the threat of a general war or in the development of revolutionary class warfare.But the elements of gradual decentralization and devolution that are contained within every state are likely ultimately to prove more potent because, as some might put it, they are more "insidious." One of the internal elements, the development of which may affect the nation both directly through political action and indirectly through political or social philosophy, is "regionalism." Before the national state came into being, there was everywhere some kind of regionalism based on ethnic or cultural considerations.