Reading passages on this test range in content from topic arguments to nonfiction narratives in a variety of subjects.
The skills being evaluated include: increasing the clarity of argument; improving word choice; improving analysis of topics in social studies and science; changing sentence or word structure to increase organizational quality and impact of writing; and, fixing or improving sentence structure, word usage, and punctuation.
The SAT has four sections: Reading, Writing and Language, Math (no calculator), and Math (calculator allowed).
The test taker may optionally write an essay which, in that case, is the fifth test section.
A large independent validity study on the SAT's ability to predict college freshman GPA was performed by the University of California.
The results of this study found how well various predictor variables could explain the variance in college freshman GPA.A total score for the SAT is calculated by adding the two section scores, resulting in total scores that range from 400 to 1600.There is no penalty for guessing on the SAT: scores are based on the number of questions answered correctly.When high school GPA and the SAT II were combined, they explained 22.2% of the variance in college freshman GPA. federalism, local control, and the prevalence of private, distance, and home schooled students.When SAT I was added to the combination of high school GPA and SAT II, it added a .1 percentage point increase in explaining the variance in college freshman GPA for a total of 22.3%. SAT (and ACT) scores are intended to supplement the secondary school record and help admission officers put local data—such as course work, grades, and class rank—in a national perspective.There are five passages (up to two of which may be a pair of smaller passages) on the Reading Test and 10-11 questions per passage or passage pair. founding document or a related text; one passage about economics, psychology, sociology, or another social science; and, two science passages.SAT Reading passages draw from three main fields: history, social studies, and science. Answers to all of the questions are based only on the content stated in or implied by the passage or passage pair.It found that independently high school GPA could explain 15.4% of the variance in college freshman GPA, SAT I (the SAT Math and Verbal sections) could explain 13.3% of the variance in college freshman GPA, and SAT II (also known as the SAT subject tests—in the UC's case specifically Writing, Mathematics IC or IIC, plus a third subject test of the student's choice) could explain 16% of the variance in college freshman GPA.When high school GPA and the SAT I were combined, they explained 20.8% of the variance in college freshman GPA.The total time for the scored portion of the SAT is three hours (or three hours and fifty minutes if the optional essay section is taken).Some test takers who are not taking the essay may also have a fifth section, which is used, at least in part, for the pretesting of questions that may appear on future administrations of the SAT.