Pollner (1989), for example, hypothesized that education modifies the psychological effects of religiosity because of its association with cognitive abilities and an enhanced capacity to comprehend “complex symbolic codes.” Pollner's thesis implies that people with less education “may profit especially from the sense of order and meaning generated in and through divine interaction” (p. Likewise, theoretical views about deprivation–compensation are potentially relevant (Wilson 1982).
Despite the increasing popularity of these recent polemics about religion, there is strong evidence that the vast majority of Americans maintain the belief in a personal God (Froese and Bader 2007), and these beliefs remain influential in many aspects of American social and political life (Wills 2007).
Less is known, however, about the of those beliefs.
Individuals in disadvantaged socioeconomic conditions are purportedly more likely to construct a bond with the divine to compensate for their plight and acquire otherwise-unattainable rewards (Glock and Stark 1965; Stark 1972).
This thesis posits that reliance upon an omnipotent deity who is perceived as satisfying desires may offset the deleterious psychological effects of immutable adversities in everyday life.